A Jewish American businessman who was killed when Islamic extremists launched an assault at an upscale hotel complex in Nairobi, Kenya on Tuesday was a survivor of the Sept. 11, 2001 terror attacks and was “trying to make a positive change” in the country, his family said.

Jason Spindler was among 14 people killed when explosions and gunfire erupted in the DusitD2 hotel complex (full timeline of the attack in extended article), which includes bars, restaurants, offices and banks in the Kenyan capital, said I-DEV International, the San Francisco based company he co-founded.

His brother, Jonathan Spindler, confirmed the death on Facebook and said the 40-year-old was a survivor of the 9/11 attacks.

“It’s with a heavy heart that I announce that my brother, Jason Spindler, passed away this morning during a terror attack in Nairobi,” the grieving brother wrote. “Jason was a survivor of 9/11 and a fighter. I am sure he gave them hell.”

In an addition to the American victim, eleven Kenyans and a Briton were among the casualties, local officials said.

Al-Shabab — the Islamic extremist group allied to al-Qaida and based in neighboring Somalia — claimed responsibility for the carnage. Al-Shabab carried out a 2013 attack at the nearby Westgate Mall in Nairobi that killed 67 people.

Security footage showed at least four heavily armed men in military-style garb took part in the attack.

Spindler’s father, Joseph, says his son grew up in Houston, graduated from the University of Texas and was enjoying a successful career on Wall Street when he decided that he wanted to develop a model for helping low-income people.

Jason Spindler entered the Peace Corps and lived in Peru, where he developed sustainable business models for rural residents. He had been living in Kenya the last 5 years, and often ate at a cafe in the luxury hotel complex targeted by the gunmen. He was attending a work meeting when he was fatally shot by the terrorists.

His father says he worked with international companies to form business partnerships in Kenya that would boost local economies.

Spindler’s friends have contacted the American embassy and the head of the Jewish community in Nairobi, Rabbi Silverstein, regarding the repatriation of his body back to the United States, Ynet reports.

Sarah Spindler, Jason’s mother, said her son worked toward making a positive change in the developing countries. “We miss him so much and it’s extremely sad that such a positive young man was taken away from us by the terrorists,” she said.

Kenya’s President Uhuru Kenyatta said in a televised address to the nation: “We will seek out every person that was involved in the funding, planning and execution of this heinous act,” while also announcing that the all-night operation by security forces to retake the DusitD2 complex was over.

A timeline of how the attack occurred:

It began with cars exploding and several armed young men, wrapped in ammunition belts, sauntering onto the scene. It was declared over nearly 20 hours later with at least 14 people killed, 700 people evacuated and the Islamic extremist attackers “eliminated.” Overnight, scores of frightened people hid in washrooms, offices and elsewhere as gunfire popped and security forces hunted the gunmen. Here’s a rough timeline of what occurred in the deadly attack on a luxury hotel complex in Kenya’s capital.


Tuesday, 3 p.m.

Reports begin to spread of an explosion and gunfire at the Riverside Drive complex, which includes a hotel, shops, restaurants and offices in Nairobi’s upscale Westlands neighborhood. Several cars are ablaze in a parking lot as security forces stream in and people run or are carried from the scene. Police quickly call it a terror attack.

Heavily armed attackers seen entering the hotel complex


4:30 p.m.

Plainclothes police with guns drawn hurry from shop to shop to look for trapped civilians and an unknown number of attackers. A black plume of smoke rises from the scene. Sporadic gunfire continues.


5 p.m.

The Somalia-based extremist group al-Shabab claims responsibility and says its members are still fighting inside. Survivors rushing from the scene, some in tears, report seeing bodies.


6 p.m.

Kenya’s national police chief says special forces are trying to flush out the attackers and look forward to “bringing the situation to normalcy in the shortest time possible.” Kenyans watch the police response closely after officers took hours to respond to a deadly attack on the nearby Westgate Mall in 2013.


7 p.m.

A Kenyan police officer among the first responders says “there was no time to count the dead,” with bodies seen in restaurants downstairs and in offices upstairs. Gunfire continues.


8:30 p.m.

Kenya’s national police chief gives the first official details of the attack, saying it began with an explosion that targeted three vehicles outside a bank while a suicide bomber blew up in the hotel lobby, severely wounding bystanders. He calls the operation “still ongoing.”


11 p.m.

Kenya’s interior minister says all buildings have been secured and security forces are in the final stages of “mopping up.” There is still no official toll of dead or wounded.


11:30 p.m.

Kenya’s Citizen TV airs what it calls surveillance footage that shows four attackers, young men in ammunition bandoliers, splitting up as they calmly walk across an outdoor area of the complex.


Wednesday, 1 a.m.

Some family members say loved ones are still trapped inside even after Kenyan authorities called all buildings secure. One woman says her brother is hiding with over 10 other people.


2 a.m.

A Kenyan police officer says 15 bodies have been taken to the morgue. Anguished family and friends gather there.


4 a.m.

Kenya’s interior ministry says “no further threat to the public exists” and that civilians who had been “secured” in one building have been safely evacuated.


6:45 a.m.

Another explosion and gunfire are heard, shortly after scores of survivors who had still been holed up in part of the complex are freed. They reunite with relieved friends and family and recount a long night of cowering in hiding places while listening to nearby gunfire.


9:00 a.m.

Bursts of gunfire are still heard from the complex.


10:30 a.m.

Kenya president says 14 “innocent people” are dead and declares the attack over, saying all the terrorists have been eliminated.”


3:30 p.m.

A new blast is heard at the complex, 24 hours after the attack began. Witnesses say security forces are conducting a painstaking sweep for any explosives the attackers left behind in a final attempt at carnage.


While U.S. air strikes and African Union forces have degraded Al-Shabab’s ability to operate, it is still capable of carrying out spectacular attacks in retaliation for the Kenyan military’s campaign against it in Somalia.

The attacks in Kenya’s capital appear designed to inflict maximum damage to the country’s image of stability and its tourism industry, an important source of revenue.

The government said late Tuesday that buildings were secure. However, gunfire continued into Wednesday morning, and dozens of trapped people were rescued overnight. Several loud booms were heard Wednesday as teams sought to clear the complex of booby traps and other explosives.

The Kenyan Red Cross said about 50 people were unaccounted for. But many of those were believed not to have been in the complex during the attack.

Ken Njoroge, CEO of a company in the DustiD2 complex that offers mobile banking services, said he was unable to locate several employees.

“It’s very difficult for the families because the passage of time only makes the problem bigger,” he said.

A man who gave only his first name, Davis, described how he had escaped with colleagues during the attack by fleeing down a fire escape.

“It’s a traumatic experience. It shakes you,” he said. Still, Davis said he was impressed by the “inner strength” and compassion of people who helped each other in the midst of danger.

His own thoughts, he said, were: “Get people out and get out yourself. That’s it.”


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