Brazilian leader says only Iran strongly opposed to step, most Arab nations not expected to sanction Brasilia
BRASILIA, Brazil (AFP) — Brazil’s President Jair Bolsonaro has confirmed he will move his country’s embassy in Israel to Jerusalem, and said the main nation objecting to that is Iran, not Arab countries.
Bolsonaro, speaking in an interview to SBT television late Thursday, said: “The decision is taken, it’s only a matter of when it will be implemented.”
The comment confirmed a statement by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, who was in Brazil this week to attend Bolsonaro’s January 1 investiture.
Bolsonaro, a far-right former paratrooper intent on forging close ties with the US and Israel, signaled before taking office that he planned to follow President Donald Trump’s lead in moving Brazil’s embassy to Jerusalem.
The decision is controversial because Israel claims all of Jerusalem as its capital while Palestinians view East Jerusalem as the capital of its future state. Many countries hold that Jerusalem’s status should only be defined through wider Israeli-Palestinian peace negotiations.
So far, only the United States and Guatemala have broken with that consensus by opening embassies in Jerusalem. Paraguay backtracked on a decision last year to move its embassy. Israel and the US have spoken with Honduras about its embassy going to Jerusalem.
Bolsonaro had wavered on the embassy move after saying in early November he intended to go through with it.
Days later he rowed back, saying “it is not yet decided,” apparently responding to fears of Brazil’s powerful farming businesses that an embassy move could put at risk $1 billion in meat exports to Arab markets.
But in his SBT interview, Bolsonaro minimized that risk, saying: “A large part of the Arab world is aligned or aligning itself with the United States. The Palestinian issue is already overloading people in the Arab world for the most part.”
He added that “the only weighty voice speaking out against me is Iran,” the Shiite Islamic republic that is an enemy to Israel and hostile to Arab allies of the US such as Saudi Arabia.
Bolsonaro said he did not think that most Arab countries would take reprisals against Brazil.
Some of the “more radical” Arab nations “might adopt some sort of sanction — I hope only economic ones — against us,” he said.
Bolsonaro, 63, represents a sharp break with Brazil’s recent record of left of center policies, swerving his country sharply to the right and towards the United States.
Sometimes called the “Trump of the tropics” for his blustery style and disdain of multilateral forums, he said in the same TV interview he was open to discussing the opening of a US military base in Brazil.
He also said he was concerned about Russian backing of the Venezuelan “dictatorship” run by President Nicolas Maduro.